Urticaria in Dogs | Petlebi

Dog Health

In mild cases, the blisters usually disappear 12 to 48 hours after contact with the allergen. However, there are risks of worsening the reaction and dangerous closing of the airway due to swelling or a serious allergic reaction such as anaphylaxis. The risk of serious allergies is higher, especially if blisters are common around the face and throat. If the blisters due to urticaria are noticed, it is necessary to go to the veterinarian without delay.

itchy dog

Causes of Urticaria in Dogs

The causes of urticaria in dogs can be grouped depending on the environment, chemical or diet. Any allergen to which the dog is sensitive will cause urticaria. Insect bites or stings are among the most common causes of urticaria. Bites, especially in the head and neck area, have a higher risk of causing urticaria. Shampoos and various ointments, drugs, vaccines, ingestion of poisonous plants and food allergies lead to urticaria. In general, contact with chemicals is among the common causes of urticaria.

dog with itching in the belly area

What Are the Symptoms of Urticaria in Dogs?

Urticaria symptoms can be recognized quite easily. Among the most common symptoms is the appearance of red blisters on various parts of the body. These blisters often occur on the head, neck, back, abdomen and legs. Another easily recognized symptom of urticaria is itching. Dogs with urticaria experience excessive itching. Dogs often scratch the areas where the blisters are intense. Apart from these symptoms, in cases where swelling occurs in the mouth, excessive drooling and excessive swelling of the face and airways are included. This condition, which is considered as angioedema, can be life-threatening.

dog examined by veterinarian

Diagnosis of Urticaria in Dogs

The veterinarian first checks the dog’s entire body to detect blisters. Bubbles can be seen as clusters in some areas. Urticaria can be easily detected by physical examination. At this point, it is important to give the veterinarian detailed information about the dog’s health history. In particular, specifying where the blisters first occurred can be helpful in treatment planning.

Rapid improvement is seen with the treatment of urticaria in dogs. Oral or injectable antihistamine or steroid drugs are used for treatment. In cases where allergies cause serious reactions, serum can also be preferred. In order to control the itching caused by the blisters, a cold compress should be applied at home. Compressing, especially on the areas where the blisters are intense, helps to prevent dogs from scratching their skin excessively.

drug-drinking dog

Treatment of Urticaria in Dogs

It is important to identify allergens to which the immune system overreacts to prevent recurrence of urticaria or more serious allergic reactions in the future. For this, allergy testing for environmental allergens should be performed. There are also various immunotherapy treatments available to desensitize certain allergens. In order to identify food allergens, it is necessary to change the diet. However, this is a period of several weeks and in order to understand exactly what is causing the allergy, it is necessary to make sure that the dog does not eat anything other than the food recommended by the veterinarian throughout the process. Treats, crackers, or snatching food from the trash will fail the test.

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