High Blood Pressure in Dogs | Petlebi

Dog Health

Hypertension can damage many different parts of the dog’s body, such as the heart, kidneys, eyes and nervous system. For this reason, it is important to take it into consideration and to consult a veterinarian as soon as it is noticed. In this article, we will discuss what you need to know about high blood pressure in dogs.

What Is High Blood Pressure in Dogs?

High blood pressure or hypertension in dogs is the name given to a condition in which arterial blood pressure is consistently higher than normal. When this condition occurs as a result of a disease, it is referred to as secondary hypertension. The disease itself is considered as primary hypertension.

Blood pressure or blood pressure is the pressure of blood flow within the walls of the arteries when the heart pumps blood. Systolic blood pressure is the pressure in the arteries when the heart contracts. Diastolic pressure is the pressure when the heart relaxes. Colloquially, these are known as high and low blood pressure. Blood pressure is measured in millimeters of mercury, or mmHG, and is said to be systolic and then diastolic.

dog examined by veterinarian

Causes of Hypertension in Dogs

Secondary hypertension is more common in dogs. In this case, another ailment underlies the increase in blood pressure. Secondary hypertension can be caused by a single condition, or high blood pressure can occur as a result of more than one condition. Diseases such as kidney disease, diabetes, Cushing’s syndrome, adrenal tumors, and obesity are among the main causes of blood pressure in dogs. 85% of hypertension cases in dogs are secondary cases. Primary hypertension usually occurs with age.

High Blood Pressure Symptoms in Dogs

Blood pressure symptoms in dogs sometimes do not appear. However, high blood pressure can manifest itself with bleeding in various parts of the body, clot formations or blood pressure-related diseases such as kidney disease. Sudden blindness as a result of retinal detachment, bleeding in the eye, bloody urine, nose bleeding, difficulty in breathing, coughing, lethargy, blood clots causing stroke, loss of appetite and excessive water consumption due to kidney disease and going to the toilet are some of the symptoms of blood pressure disease. Cases of clot-induced paralysis in dogs occur less frequently than in humans. In addition, one of the symptoms of blood pressure is that the pupils are constantly open when vision loss begins due to bleeding.

dog with blood pressure measured in veterinary clinic

How to Measure Blood Pressure in Dogs?

“How to measure blood pressure in dogs?” The question is one of the first questions that come to mind, especially when the suspicion of high blood pressure comes to the fore. The measurement is usually performed with a special cuff and an oscillometric blood pressure measuring device attached to this cuff. In some hospitals, classical pumped blood pressure monitors and Doppler pulse devices are used. In dogs, blood pressure is measured from the forelimbs, tail or lower parts of the hind limbs. Measuring blood pressure accurately in dogs can be difficult. Tension or excitement causes blood pressure to rise in dogs. In addition, dogs should sit calmly while measuring. However, some dogs can be difficult to maintain inactivity. It is important for the veterinarian to ensure that the dog remains calm and relaxed at this point. More than one measurement can be made to get accurate results. The dog’s age, breed, breed and movements during the measurement affect the measurement. For this reason, a certain margin of error is also taken into account.

“What blood pressure should dogs have?” There is no single answer to the question. There are certain intervals for blood pressure assessment in dogs. Measurements between 131/71 and 150/95 are considered normal in dogs. Blood pressure above 150/95 harms the body. When high blood pressure and target organ damage are noticed, some treatments should be started. Blood pressure above 180/120 is considered serious. Immediate action is required to prevent damage from high blood pressure.

dog blood pressure measured on sofa

Hypertension Treatment in Dogs

After dogs are diagnosed with hypertension, the underlying causes need to be investigated. Hypertension usually disappears with the treatment of the disease causing high blood pressure. However, some dogs still need to continue using medication to lower their blood pressure. In such cases, drugs that open blood vessels and lower blood pressure are preferred. Reducing sodium intake can help control blood pressure in some cases. However, sodium reduction does not have as great an effect as in humans. A low-sodium diet is usually recommended by veterinarians as they see fit. After the treatment, the blood pressure of the dog should be monitored regularly for a period of time. After a while, it is sufficient to follow up with routine controls. However, when a change or one of the symptoms due to high blood pressure is seen again, it is necessary to consult a veterinarian without delay.

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