Prostate in Dogs | Petlebi

Dog Health

Prostate in dogs is a health problem that is directly related to both age and neutering. Today, while some of the pet dogs are neutered, some do not undergo this operation. Prostate changes occur in 50% of non-neutered dogs after 4 years of age. In dogs older than 8 years, this rate goes up to 80%. These age-related changes are perfectly normal. In this article, you can find curious information about the prostate in dogs.

dog walking on grass

What is Prostate Enlargement?

Prostate enlargement is an age-related condition that is considered normal in dogs. However, problems that may occur due to prostate change should be observed. An enlarged prostate can cause problems with the dog’s bowel and urinary tract movements. However, on the contrary, it may not cause any symptoms. The prostate is very close to the bladder, and the prostate may start to enlarge after a change in this area. Prostate enlargement is usually benign. However, it still needs to be treated. Because if left untreated, it can cause serious consequences, up to death.

dog holding stethoscope

What Are the Symptoms of Prostate in Dogs?

Prostate symptoms in dogs can vary. Some dogs may even develop an enlarged prostate without any symptoms. As a result of growth, regional pain occurs in some dogs, while in others such a situation does not occur at all. In general, symptoms of prostate in male dogs include pain during urination and defecation, difficulty walking or a wobbly gait, constipation or abnormal defecation. Mild or severe pain may also be seen.

dog at veterinarian examination

What are the Types of Prostate Enlargement?

Prostate enlargement in dogs is divided into different types. These differences vary according to the reason for the growth. Prostate enlargement in dogs is basically divided into three different types.

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

BPH, benign prostatic hyperplasia, or benign prostatic enlargement is the most common type of prostate enlargement. It usually occurs in unneutered dogs as a natural consequence of aging. This condition is not seen in neutered dogs. As the dog ages, the cells in the prostate gland increase in number and increase in size. Benign cysts may develop as a result. In this case, the pressure on the surrounding tissues increases and causes discomfort.

Bacterial Infection

The most common type of prostate enlargement in dogs is a bacterial infection. Enlargement occurs when bacteria entering the prostate through the circulatory system or urinary tract cause infection. Bacterial infections can be acute or chronic. It also causes sac-like abscesses with pus in the prostate gland. In addition to normal symptoms, high fever is also seen in prostate enlargement caused by bacterial infection.

Cancer

Prostate cancer in dogs is extremely rare. Less than 10% of prostate enlargement cases are caused by cancer. However, treatment in this case is very difficult and the cancer can often spread to other parts of the body. Cancer-induced prostate enlargement is usually fatal. Prostate cancer can metastasize to the liver, lungs, kidneys, lymph nodes, spinal cord, or pelvic bones throughout the body. Prostate enlargement can also occur as a metastasis of transitional cell bladder cancer.

How Are Dogs Diagnosed with Prostate?

Prostate health in older dogs is one of the most important aspects of overall health. Many veterinarians also perform prostate control during routine examinations. In some cases, prostate enlargement can be noticed in these routine controls before symptoms appear. Except for routine check-ups, dogs should be taken to the veterinarian as soon as signs of prostate enlargement are seen. During the examination, the veterinarian can determine the size and shape of the prostate and any anomalies and even decide whether it causes pain. To check the infection status in the blood, a blood count is performed and the white blood cells in the blood are counted. Urine and semen analysis in non-neutered dogs can reveal the presence of infection or cancer. In addition, X-ray or ultrasound imaging should be performed to see the condition of the prostate gland and other surrounding tissues and organs.

dog examined by veterinarian

Prostate Treatment in Dogs

Prostate treatment in dogs varies depending on the type and cause of the prostate. Surgical sterilization is preferred in benign prostatic enlargement. In this way, the prostate gland naturally shrinks and provides relief. When cyst formation is observed, drainage of the contents of the cyst is also a preferred method. Sterilization is considered as the first option in prostate enlargement caused by bacterial infection. Bacterial infection is treated with antibiotics or antimicrobial drugs. In severe or chronic cases, injection, enema or surgical intervention may be required. Abscesses are taken out with drainage. There is no cure for prostate cancer. The only option is to apply palliative treatment methods to keep the dog’s quality of life high.

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