How Is Poisoning In Dogs Diagnosed? | Petlebi

Dog Health

Although we may not realize it, there are many sources of toxins in homes and the environment that pose a potential for dog poisoning. Although the most important measure recommended for dog poisoning is to keep dogs away from toxic foods or substances, unfortunately this is not always possible. It is important to raise awareness about the symptoms of poisoning in dogs, as medications, herbs, chocolate chips, antifreeze, cleaning agents, rodents, ticks and various garden products can cause dog poisoning. It is vital for our friends to consult veterinarians as soon as signs of poisoning are noticed in dogs. In this article, we will touch on the critical points that should be known about dog poisoning. First of all, we would like to give a brief information about the types of poisoning in dogs.

Types of Poisoning in Dogs

Dogs can be poisoned by many different toxins, foods or bacteria. Food poisoning in dogs, tick poisoning in dogs, toxic poisoning in dogs are the most common types. In addition to these, salmon poisoning can also be encountered in dogs. Although the first toxins come to mind when it comes to salmon poisoning in dogs, this is actually a bacterial infection. When raw or undercooked salmon containing parasites is consumed, these parasites settle in the intestines of dogs and the bacteria can enter the bloodstream, causing symptoms of poisoning in dogs.

Poisoning Symptoms in Dogs

The symptoms of poisoning in dogs are specific to the substance and/or food they are poisoned with; in other words, it can vary according to the types of poisoning in dogs. For example, toxic poisoning in dogs can cause a significant increase in saliva consumption, while the symptoms of food poisoning in dogs can come to the fore with vomiting, nausea and diarrhea.

drooling brown dog

Drooling or Foaming from the Mouth

When dogs chew or eat something toxic to them, their mouths become irritated. Especially when a poisonous plant is bitten or a poisonous chemical is licked, symptoms of drooling or foaming at the mouth are common. When this symptom is noticed, first of all, it should be checked whether there is anything in the dog’s mouth, if there is, it should be removed and veterinarians should be contacted immediately.

Gastrointestinal Problems

Many toxins can cause dog poisoning, and these toxins can cause gastrointestinal tract problems in dogs such as nausea, diarrhea and vomiting. After poisoning with loss of appetite in dogs, blood in the vomit or stool may also be seen. Vomiting is one of the most common symptoms of antifreeze poisoning in dogs. In addition, vomiting occurs when poisonous plants or foods are consumed. For this reason, if dogs start vomiting for no apparent reason, veterinarians should be consulted. Thus, a transition to the poisoning treatment process can be made in dogs.


Dog poisoning can affect dogs’ organs and organ functions. This change in their metabolism causes dogs to feel sluggish and sick. Dogs exposed to certain toxins, such as rat poison, may experience internal bleeding and may experience weakness due to internal bleeding.

Collapse and Loss of Consciousness

Symptoms of poisoning in dogs may not always progress slowly to be noticed. Some toxins can act quite quickly and can cause collapse and unconsciousness in dogs before signs of poisoning appear. In this case, the most important and only thing to do is to go to the veterinarian immediately. Sudden collapse and loss of consciousness in dogs are conditions that require immediate medical treatment.

Difficulty Breathing

Dog poisoning can also cause respiratory problems. It should be noted that if dogs are breathing slower than usual, experiencing shortness of breath, wheezing or having trouble breathing, they should seek immediate medical attention. In the meantime, it is necessary to check the gums, if the gums have a bluish color, time should not be lost for veterinary visits.

tick in brown haired dog

Fading of Gums, Yellow or Blue Color

As we have just mentioned, the symptoms of poisoning in dogs include a blue coloration of the gums. However, in some dogs, different changes can be observed in the gums in line with the types of poisoning. Some toxins affect the mucous membranes in the body. Paleness and discoloration of the gums, tongue, eyelids, and oral cavity may occur. For example, eating onions can cause anemia and pale gums. When toxic poisoning occurs in dogs due to rat poison, mucus membranes may change color due to internal bleeding. Some poisonous lice and drugs affect the liver, which leads to the formation of a yellow color in the tissues. Toxins that affect the cardiovascular system or the respiratory system are the causes of the blue color in the mucous membranes.


Symptoms of poisoning in dogs include swelling of the face or limbs. Swelling is common, especially when bitten by a snake or insect. For this reason, when there is swelling in the dog’s body, consulting veterinarians can ensure that it stays in a safe area. At this point, we may need to provide information about tick poisoning in dogs. Tick ​​poisoning in dogs is a very serious and life-threatening condition that requires urgent veterinary examination. The basis of this condition, which usually occurs in dogs bitten by a tick of the Ixodes holocyclus species, is the secretion of a toxin that paralyzes dogs while feeding.

dog looking at food on spoon

Seizure or Muscle Spasm

Many toxins that cause canine poisoning affect the central nervous system and muscles of dogs. This mechanism of action can cause dogs to have seizures and muscle twitches. A seizure is an unusual symptom in dogs unless a disease such as epilepsy has been diagnosed. It requires consultation with veterinarians without wasting time.

Behavior Changes

When poisoning occurs in dogs, behavioral changes such as excessive movement, excitement and restlessness can also be seen. These changes can be observed, especially when eaten with stimulants such as chocolate and caffeine. On the contrary, when exposed to alcohol or substances that have a sedative effect, a slowdown in movement may be encountered. For this reason, it is necessary to be cautious when encountering sudden behavioral changes in dogs.

dog examined by veterinarian

Poisoning Treatment in Dogs

“What is good for dogs against poisoning?” Since the answer to the question may vary according to the cause of poisoning in dogs, dogs that have symptoms or behave differently than usual should be taken to veterinarians. Within the scope of the treatment of dog poisoning, treatment processes may be required, specific to the factor that caused the poisoning. For this reason, it is essential to get professional support in order to avoid a wrong intervention. During the treatment process, the dogs are washed and vomited; administering antidotes to certain specific poisons; Various methods may be needed, from removal of toxin-containing substances to endoscopy.

Treating poisoning in dogs can become a painful process. Although it is very important to notice the symptoms in the early period, the main thing is to minimize the possibility of poisoning in dogs. For this reason, care should be taken not to use cleaning materials that may be toxic to them and not to keep plants. Although dog repellent products vary from dog to dog, they can give effective results in this sense. You can review the dog repellant products here and access the product details.

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