One of the common health problems of dogs is gastritis. Diarrhea and vomiting, which are among the symptoms of various diseases in dogs, are also among the most common reasons for veterinary visits. Diarrhea and vomiting are among the most common symptoms of gastritis, although these two symptoms are not sufficient in the specific diagnosis process as they are considered as symptoms of many diseases. In this article, we will answer the frequently asked questions about gastritis in dogs. What causes gastritis in dogs, what are the symptoms and you can find out about gastritis treatment in our article.
What Is Gastritis in Dogs?
Gastritis is a health problem that occurs due to inflammation of the gastrointestinal lining of the stomach of dogs, namely the stomach lining, and the symptoms of this health problem greatly reduce the quality of life of dogs. This health problem, which is also defined as inflammation of the stomach lining, is considered as short-term, that is acute gastritis, or long-term, that is, chronic gastritis. Gastritis can be a health problem on its own, or it can occur as a result of other serious health problems.
What Causes Gastritis in Dogs?
When addressing the causes of gastritis in dogs, it is necessary to distinguish between acute and chronic gastritis. Acute gastritis is much more common in dogs than chronic gastritis. Dogs, especially those who have problems with their eating habits or are not very obedient, are more likely to suffer from acute gastritis. Consuming foods or substances that dogs should not consume can be expressed as the most common cause of acute gastritis. When looking at cases of acute gastritis in dogs, it is often seen that inflammation is caused by ingestion of contaminated, toxic or indigestible substances.
Causes of acute gastritis;
- Consumption of spoiled, rotten or contaminated food,
- Consumption of litter or cat litter,
- Consumption of plants harmful to the stomach of dogs,
- drug use,
- Ingestion of foreign objects or non-food items
- Contact with mold or fungus,
- Contact with chemical-containing products,
- Infections caused by bacteria, viruses or parasites,
- Prolonged exposure to allergens
- immune diseases,
- Gastric cancer,
- Kidney failure,
- inflammatory bowel disease,
- neurological diseases,
- heavy metal poisoning,
- It can be expressed as chemotherapy. Acute gastritis is a health problem that must be found for what reason and a treatment plan should be made accordingly. Although it is commonly related to the wrong food or foreign body consumption, it is very important to make sure that a more serious underlying disease is not the cause of acute gastritis.
Chronic gastritis in dogs is caused by persistent stomach inflammation. Causes of persistent stomach inflammation;
- Continuous exposure to toxic ingredients,
- Regular use of drugs with side effects,
- metabolic or endocrine diseases,
- It can be expressed as infections.
Symptoms of Gastritis in Dogs
Gastritis, which occurs when the gastrointestinal lining, or in other words, the stomach lining, is inflamed in dogs can cause symptoms alone, it can also lead to other problems such as ulcers, gastrointestinal obstruction or infection. For this reason, the symptoms of gastritis in dogs do not need to be directly related to the stomach and digestive system, such as diarrhea and vomiting.
- Vomiting containing yellow and foamy bile
- decreased appetite,
- Weakness and drowsiness,
- Dehydration or increased desire to drink water
- Blood in stool or vomit
- Stomach ache,
- It can be expressed as the appearance of black tar in the stool. Symptoms of acute gastritis usually disappear within 24 hours. Therefore, it can be difficult to diagnose. In the case of chronic gastritis, the symptoms last longer. Chronic gastritis typically lasts two or more weeks, and symptoms worsen over time.
The symptoms of gastritis in dogs must be taken into account and the veterinarian should be consulted when noticed. Since the symptoms of acute gastritis will disappear in a short time, they can be easily overlooked, but if any of the symptoms are encountered more than once, a veterinarian should be consulted because of the possibility of gastritis.
How Is Gastritis In Dogs Diagnosed?
Urine and blood tests are often used to diagnose gastritis in dogs. Urine and blood tests aid diagnosis in acute cases. In some cases, the need for more extensive examination may be required. Endoscopy, x-ray of the abdomen or ultrasound of the abdomen are also among the methods used to diagnose gastritis in dogs. When it comes to chronic gastritis in dogs, the underlying cause must be found.
Gastritis Treatment in Dogs
Two different approaches are considered in the treatment of gastritis in dogs. In cases of acute gastritis in dogs, recovery usually occurs without the need for any medical intervention. When acute gastritis starts to recur frequently, more detailed treatment plans are required.
The treatment planning of acute gastritis in dogs is generally based on gastric relief. Keeping the dog away from food for 24 to 48 hours. It is important to ensure frequent but small amounts of water consumption in the first 24 hours. If the dog starts vomiting after consuming water, it is necessary to consult the veterinarian again and switch to a different treatment plan. If vomiting does not occur within 24 hours from the start of this non-medical treatment process, it is appropriate to start consuming foods with high digestibility and recommended by the veterinarian in small portions. Nutrition can be started by dividing half of the daily food consumption into 4 to 6 portions. In the days after the feeding starts, it can be returned to the normal amount of food in about 3 days. If vomiting recurs during this period, a veterinarian should be consulted.
If it is deemed necessary in the treatment of gastritis in dogs, the use of medication should be started. In addition, depending on the dog’s dehydration, fluid therapy may also become a necessity. Chronic gastritis in dogs is a condition that requires treatment of the underlying cause.
What Is Good For Gastritis in Dogs?
Various measures may need to be taken after treating gastritis in dogs. Choosing the appropriate food for the dog’s health is important at this point in order to prevent the disease from recurring. In addition, the dog should not be allowed to eat whatever it wants. If the dog is inclined to shuffle the garbage when left alone and to eat the food he finds outside, it should not be allowed to roam freely or uncontrollably. Keeping the dog away from foods that cause irritation in the stomach is also among the measures that can be taken for gastritis. Feeding the dog with foods suitable for his health problem and continuing this nutrition for at least 3 weeks, ideally between 6 and 8 weeks, helps to prevent nutritional gastritis and makes it easier to adjust the dog’s diet. After any food change, it should be waited for enough time to understand whether the food is suitable for the dog.