Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Dogs | Petlebi

Dog Health

Inflammatory bowel disease is a health problem characterized by persistent inflammation of the intestines and digestive systems of dogs. Inflammation, which is continuous in the intestines and digestive system, prevents the proper digestion of foods, and depending on this situation, different health problems may arise. Inflammatory bowel disease in dogs is a health problem that must be intervened and treated by taking it under control. In this article, we will talk about answers to frequently asked questions about intestinal disease in dogs.

What is Inflammatory Bowel Disease?

The most common cause of chronic gastrointestinal symptoms is inflammatory bowel disease. Inflammatory bowel disease in dogs should basically be treated as a syndrome rather than a disease. This syndrome is caused by reactions that cause chronic irritation of the intestinal tract. Although the symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease and irritable bowel syndrome are very similar, the two conditions should not be confused. Inflammatory bowel disease results from a physical abnormality and is characterized by abnormal inflammatory cell growth. Irritable bowel syndrome, on the other hand, usually occurs due to reasons such as stress, dietary changes, infection and firstly affects the large intestine.

intestinal diseases in dogs

Symptoms of Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Dogs

Symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease in dogs develop in proportion to how far the disease has spread and the severity of the inflammation.

Vomiting: Vomiting is one of the common symptoms when it comes to intestinal disease in dogs. Especially when the disease affects the stomach, a condition called chronic vomiting occurs. Veterinarians should be consulted if there are no dietary changes that could cause vomiting and if vomiting persists for more than a few days.

Diarrhea: If the spread of inflammatory bowel disease has occurred in the small intestines, blood and mucus may be present in the stool and diarrhea may occur. Although short-term diarrhea is considered normal in dogs, chronic diarrhea and bloody diarrhea in dogs should be consulted with a veterinarian and the underlying problem should be found and treated.

Weight Loss: Unexplained and unexplained weight loss is one of the symptoms of intestinal disease in dogs. The relationship between weight loss and inflammatory bowel syndrome occurs in two ways. The dog may not be eating due to the symptoms of this disease or may not be getting the nutrients it needs due to insufficient nutrient absorption due to inflammation. If the dog’s appetite decreases or the weight loss continues for a long time, a specialist should be consulted.

If the inflammatory bowel disease in dogs is mild or in its infancy, dogs may experience weakness and loss of appetite. Early intervention is very important when these symptoms occur. A specialist should be consulted when changes in the dog’s bowel habits and appetite for more than a few days occur.

How Is Intestinal Disease Diagnosed In Dogs?

When there is a suspicion of inflammatory bowel disease in dogs, the first steps to be taken are stool control, blood test and inspection of the intestines with imaging systems. A tissue biopsy is required to diagnose the specific type of inflammatory bowel disease. Endoscopic examination may be required to find out in which position the inflammatory bowel disease is involved. In addition to these, measuring B12 and folate levels is also important for correct treatment planning.

How to Treat Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Dogs?

Although there is no specific treatment for inflammatory bowel disease in dogs, it is possible to control and treat the condition with a different approach for each dog.

The test results obtained in the diagnosis of the disease are guiding on how to plan the treatment. Dietary changes, drug use, probiotics and supplements are preferred in the treatment of this disease.

It is recommended to consume high-fiber and hypoallergenic foods for dietary changes. It is important that the food to be consumed is determined by the veterinarian. It takes 8-12 weeks for the changes in nutrition to give results. Supportive treatments should also be applied for health problems such as dehydration that may be caused by chronic vomiting and diarrhea symptoms during this time period.

Antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs can be preferred in drug treatment. The decision of the veterinarian is important as a result of the completion of the examination and tests of the dog in the use of these drugs. It should not be forgotten that a separate treatment plan should be made for each dog in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease in dogs.

B12 supplementation can be done in treatment planning to prevent dogs from experiencing vitamin B12 deficiency as a result of the disease reducing intestinal absorption.

The use of probiotics and supplements must also be made with the approval of the veterinarian. Otherwise, the disease may be triggered or a step that will cause the dog’s health to deteriorate may be unintentionally taken.

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