For people whose dogs are breathing fast and coughing from time to time, “do dogs get asthma?” is becoming an important question. Although asthma in dogs is not as common as in cats, yes, unfortunately it is possible. Asthma in dogs is defined as an allergic disease, and an asthma attack can occur in dogs whose small airways are inflamed due to allergies. This respiratory disease, which is more common in small breed dogs, is generally diagnosed in our young and middle-aged friends. In this article, “what is asthma in dogs?”, “what are the symptoms of asthma in dogs?” You can find answers to important questions such as:
Do Dogs Have Asthma? What Is Asthma In Dogs?
asthma in dogs; Also known as allergic bronchitis, it can be defined as a condition that occurs as a result of inhaling an allergen that is mostly found in the environment, causing spasm and narrowing of the upper airways, and filling the lung bronchi with mucus, preventing easy breathing. Asthma in dogs can be seen at different levels, and depending on the progress of the condition, asthma symptoms in dogs may change and become more severe. Since asthma in dogs is not a completely curable condition, it is possible to manage the problem and increase the life comfort of dogs if the symptoms of asthma in dogs are detected early.
Asthma Symptom in Dogs
As we just mentioned, the symptoms of asthma in dogs are varied. In some dogs, a single symptom may be difficult to notice, while in others the symptoms may become obvious.
One of the most common symptoms of asthma in dogs is rapid breathing. Many dogs pant when the weather is hot or they are tired from exercise, and this is quite common. Rapid breathing continues until the dog calms down, his pulse returns to normal, or he regains temperature balance, and then breathing returns to normal. When it comes to asthma, dogs start to breathe fast when they are not exercised or exposed to heat, and the rapid breathing time takes a long time. Veterinarians should be consulted when a similar symptom is observed.
Loss of appetite
Asthma complications can cause the lungs to enlarge and put pressure on dogs’ stomachs. In this case, stomach pains may occur or a feeling of fullness may occur. Expansion of the lungs and pressure on the stomach can result in loss of appetite in dogs. If dogs do not get a balanced and adequate diet when their appetite decreases, asthma may progress and additional problems may arise. For this reason, it is important to closely monitor the dog’s appetite and eating habits.
Asthma in dogs causes less oxygen to enter the metabolism than usual. Lack of oxygen can result in low energy. Symptoms such as weakness in dogs and fatigue faster than usual during exercise can become noticeable. Dogs with asthma may begin to be unable to tolerate long walks and even resist going outside. It is important to consult veterinarians if these symptoms are observed.
Among the symptoms of asthma in dogs, difficulty breathing is the most obvious. Difficulty breathing, wheezing and coughing are common symptoms in dogs with asthma. When these symptoms occur as a result of diseases such as cold and flu, they pass over a certain period of time, and when they occur due to asthma, they can become chronic. When similar symptoms are experienced, however, veterinarians will need to be reached.
Asthma attacks in dogs are often characterized by pale and bluish gums. If there is a color change in the gums of the dogs, it is necessary to reach the veterinarians without losing time. In the presence of asthma symptoms that can be described as milder in dogs, the gums should be checked regularly.
What Causes Asthma in Dogs?
Asthma in dogs occurs when an inhaled substance is perceived by the body as a foreign substance, resulting in an allergic reaction. Asthma in dogs can be caused by many different potential allergens. Airborne particles such as mold spores, dusts, cat litter dust, cat hair, pollen, household cleaning products, air pollution, perfumes, air fresheners, cigarette smoke can be among the causes of allergic asthma in dogs.
Diagnosing Asthma in Dogs
Diagnosing this health problem can be difficult if dogs are not experiencing an asthma attack. Therefore, close monitoring of symptoms is critical. Canine asthma can usually be diagnosed by describing the symptoms dogs are experiencing and evaluating the results from imaging techniques after completing their physical examination. Since heartworm disease and the symptom of asthma in dogs can have parallels, it is also likely that veterinarians will test for heartworm.
Asthma Treatment in Dogs
Treatment for asthma in dogs can vary depending on the severity of the disease, as well as whether the dog is actively experiencing an asthma attack. An asthma attack in dogs is a condition that requires immediate medical attention. Oxygen therapy may be required. At the same time, veterinarians can insert catheters to administer medication and fluid therapy. This support will be essential if they are unable to eat or drink water. In case of an active infection, antibiotic treatment is also started. Basic drugs are used in mild attacks or in cases where the disease progresses with a mild or moderate course. Respiration is relieved by medications that dogs take by mouth or using a nebulizer. If the use of a nebulizer can be provided, the prescribed drugs can be delivered to the lungs quickly and can relax the respiratory secretions as the inhaled air is humidified.
What Can Be Done for Asthmatic Dogs?
If your dog has been diagnosed with asthma, you should use the medications prescribed by veterinarians at the recommended frequency and dosage. It is recommended to take certain precautions in order to keep dogs away from the particles they are allergic to and to prevent possible asthma attacks. Smoking should not be allowed in the environment where the dogs are, HEPA filtered products should be used if possible in order to clean the room air, the hair should be wiped with a damp cloth in order to prevent the allergens that may stick to the hair of the dogs from spreading to the house when they come from outside, carpets and seats should be swept regularly, and incense or candles should not be burned in the house. With these measures, it may be possible to prevent asthma attacks in dogs and the quality of life of our friends can be increased.