What Are Internal Bleeding in Dogs and Its Symptoms?

Dog Health

When bleeding occurs in the outer parts of the dogs’ bodies, we can quickly take precautions and initiate treatment processes. Unfortunately, bleeding does not always occur in the outer part of the body; Internal bleeding in dogs can occur in many different organs and can be felt with different symptoms, specific to the organ in which it occurs. In this article, you can find information about internal bleeding in dogs and symptoms of internal bleeding in dogs.

What Causes Internal Bleeding in Dogs?

Trauma is the most common cause of internal bleeding in dogs, especially those who are not too old. For example, dogs may not have physically observable bleeding after a car accident, but internal organs may be damaged or hitting their heads may cause internal bleeding. In dogs, when internal bleeding is minimal, it causes a self-limiting effect as the blood clots, while when bleeding is excessive, the clot may not stop the bleeding. In some cases that cause coagulation problems in dogs, this protective reaction provided by coagulation may not be activated. The results of anticoagulant rat poison are sufficient to illustrate this situation. Even if there is no trauma in dogs, bleeding may occur in the intestines, abdominal region and subcutaneous tissue as a result of poisoning. The causes of internal bleeding in dogs may differ with advancing age. Cancer is the most common and most important cause of internal bleeding in older dogs. Among cancer diseases, hemangiosarcoma is the most common type of cancer that causes internal bleeding. Tumors made up of blood vessel cells usually occur in the spleen, liver, and heart. Less commonly, they can be diagnosed in any organ or even the skin. As a result of scientific studies, it has been shown that when internal bleeding occurs in the abdomen of the dog, the probability of this situation being caused by cancer is 85%. If we need to detail the causes of internal bleeding in dogs, it is possible to talk about different situations such as blows to their bodies, stomach disorders, the presence of ovarian cysts in female dogs, liver diseases, malignant tumors, traffic accidents, drugs used, broken bones and damage to internal organs.

doctor checking dog's ear

What Are the Symptoms of Internal Bleeding in Dogs?

The symptoms of internal bleeding in dogs may vary depending on the organ where the bleeding occurs and the factor that causes the bleeding. The most common and common symptoms of internal bleeding in dogs can be listed as follows:

  • Ongoing and severe internal bleeding can cause dogs to have low red blood cells and, as a result, to appear pale. This symptom can be easily noticed by veterinarians. However, it is known that in the early stages, internal bleeding may not cause pallor, as the spleen contracts and sends more red blood cells to the bloodstream. For this reason, it is important that dogs exposed to trauma are taken to veterinarians in the early period so that internal bleeding can be detected in dogs with simple blood tests.
  • An accelerated heart rate, also called tachycardia, can occur in dogs as a sign of internal bleeding. A decrease in the amount of circulating blood may require the heart to beat faster to pump more blood around the body. Pulse increase is also important in obtaining the suspicion of gastric bleeding in dogs. Gastric bleeding in dogs is usually seen as a result of trauma to the abdomen or stomach diseases. It can be stated that the most prominent clinical finding among the symptoms of stomach diseases is vomiting. The duration of vomiting in dogs, the frequency of vomiting in dogs and the content of vomiting indicate distinctive variables that can provide an understanding of the stomach problem; should be checked.
  • One of the signs of internal bleeding in dogs is the collapse that occurs as the problem progresses. A decrease in the amount of blood in the circulation can cause a lack of blood to the brain and lungs.

As already mentioned, the symptoms of internal bleeding in dogs can vary depending on the body region that occurs. For this reason, it would be beneficial to know the organ-based symptoms.

Brain Bleeding in Dogs and Symptoms of Brain Bleeding in Dogs

Bleeding inside the skull of dogs can be caused by trauma or tumor. Since the brain is located within a limited space within the skull, if a cerebral hemorrhage occurs in dogs, blood will accumulate in the skull and will have an effect on the functions controlled from the affected brain part. This causes a diversifying effect on the signs of cerebral hemorrhage in dogs. Circling while walking, difficulty walking, dragging of limbs, behavioral changes, stupor, inability to fix eyes, seizures, loss of consciousness and tremors can be among the symptoms of cerebral hemorrhage in dogs.

Intestinal Bleeding in Dogs and Symptoms of Intestinal Bleeding in Dogs

Bleeding in the intestines of dogs causes digestive system problems. Vomiting, blood in the vomit, darkening of the stool color are the most common symptoms.

Hemoabdomen in Dogs and Symptoms of Hemoabdomen in Dogs

There can be many different reasons why dogs start bleeding in the abdominal area. Internal bleeding may occur in dogs as a result of trauma to the abdomen, rodenticide poisoning, or tumors in organs such as the spleen and liver. In the case of severe bleeding in the abdomen, bloating in dogs appears as the most prominent symptom.

dog treated by veterinarians

Lung Bleeding in Dogs and Symptoms of Lung Bleeding in Dogs

Since the lungs are the organs of the respiratory system, symptoms such as difficulty breathing and bloody cough can be expected when internal bleeding occurs in the lungs in dogs. If the internal bleeding is located outside the lungs but in the chest area, it is possible to encounter similar symptoms. In such a scenario, since the expansion of the lungs is prevented, difficulty in breathing, bruising on the gums due to oxygen depletion, immobility, etc. can occur. syndromes may occur.

Internal bleeding in dogs can also occur in different organs. For example, the symptoms of eye bleeding may be less noticeable than the symptoms that occur as a result of bleeding in other organs, but they can also become the source of more permanent problems. Although eye bleeding does not cause a decrease in circulation throughout the body, it can become a cause of blindness in dogs if the treatment process is not started quickly and effectively. For this reason, the health of the dogs should be closely observed, the symptoms of internal bleeding in dogs can go from mild to severe, the symptoms may vary according to both the causes and the region where they occur. When faced with a situation different from usual, reaching veterinarians can mean saving the lives of our friends.

Treatment for Internal Bleeding in Dogs

Treatment of internal bleeding in dogs is determined by variables such as the site of bleeding, the cause of bleeding, and the symptoms seen in dogs. It is important to present details to veterinarians, such as the symptoms dogs experience, when the symptoms start to appear, and after what condition the symptoms may occur. The first step and the main aim adopted within the scope of the treatment of internal bleeding in dogs is to stop the bleeding. After learning where the bleeding occurred, surgical intervention may be necessary in cases where it is needed to stop the bleeding. For this reason, after any of the signs of internal bleeding in dogs, it is necessary to contact veterinarians without wasting time.

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