The increase in the stray dog population and the health benefits of neutering raise questions about the benefits and potential side effects of neutering in dogs. Are there any downsides to neutering the dog? What are the benefits of spaying a dog? You can find the most curious answers in this article, where we have compiled the answers to important questions such as:
Benefits of Neutering Dogs
It is known that with neutering, dogs have a calmer temperament. Especially the fights between male dogs chasing after the estrous female and the resulting injuries cannot be expected after sterilization. Similar situations may be in question for male dogs living in the house. It is possible for female dogs to run away from home, get into fights and get injured because they can sense hormonal changes. Running away from male dogs living in the home environment may cause them to encounter an environment that they are not used to, and this brings risks if not ignored.
Scientific studies show that the average life span of neutered dogs increases. With sterilization surgery in female dogs, the risk of ovarian and uterine cancer and a life-threatening uterine infection called “pyometra” can be eliminated. Likewise, it is known that the risk of mammary cancer formation is reduced in spayed dogs. After sterilization surgery in male dogs, there is a decrease in the risk of testicular cancer and prostate diseases.
Unplanned pregnancies can be prevented with sterilization surgery. This surgery is especially important by preventing the dogs living on the street from mating, preventing the female from giving birth frequently, taking risks during the birth and preventing the problems that the born puppies may be exposed to.
The Harms of Neutering a Dog
It would be a more accurate approach to talk about the risk factors rather than the harms of dog neutering. Sterilization is a surgical procedure and is performed under anesthesia. Sterilization surgery in dogs that should be performed under sterile conditions may cause pain, bleeding, infection, opening of incisions and reactions to drugs used during the period. These surgery-specific risks are followed by specialists and minimizing side effects becomes easier. In order to reduce the risk of infection, it will be beneficial to use collars that will prevent dogs from licking the surgical site.
After the sterilization operation, testosterone in males and estrogen in females are inhibited. Although this is advantageous, it can cause minimal problems on bone development and other body systems. For this reason, the time of neutering surgery in dogs should be determined correctly and the dogs should be examined in detail. Especially in large breed dogs, sterilization operations performed before the development is completed may pave the way for joint problems in the coming years.
An increase in the risk of obesity can be listed among the harms of neutering the dog. Neutered dogs have a reduced metabolic rate, lower caloric needs and reduced mobility. All these changes increase the risk of obesity. However, what should be known is that weight gain can be prevented after sterilization. If dogs consume dog foods specially produced for their breeds and developmental periods and if they exercise enough, they can be prevented from gaining excess weight.
The risk of dementia may increase with age in neutered dogs. Over time, they may forget their home, education, or they may change in their behavior towards their families. The reproductive hormones of non-neutered dogs ensure that cognitive health is maintained. The fact that reproductive hormones are no longer secreted also has effects on the endocrine system. Thyroid levels, in particular, may drop. This situation, which can be easily detected by veterinarians, can be controlled by the use of supplements.
Dog Spaying Time Is Very Important
Sterilization of dogs is of great importance in terms of reducing stray dogs and preventing problems characterized by birth. Thanks to neutering, the aggressive behavior of dogs can be reduced, unplanned pregnancies can be prevented and the risk of many types of cancer can be reduced. However, the timing of this surgery is very important. Moreover, it can be stated that the importance of timing is much more in some breeds.