Cat and dog care should not be reduced to just cutting their nails, combing their hair and cleaning their ears. It is important to perform anal sac care in dogs and cats regularly and to seek the help of veterinarians when necessary. If the anal sacs on both sides of the anal openings of pets are blocked, our friends have to face a great discomfort. When their care is neglected, anal sac inflammation and different problems can occur in dogs and cats. In this article, we will talk about cleaning the anal sac in cats and dogs, but first we want to give information about the anal sac.
What is the Anal Pouch?
The glands located on both sides of the anus of cats and dogs, located at 4 to 8 o’clock, opening to the beginning of the anus and to the outside from the last part of the rectum are called anal sac. The anal sac contains a viscous, slippery and odorous liquid that facilitates defecation. When the anal sacs work normally, processes such as anal sac care in dogs or anal sac care in cats may not come to mind. Even the existence of these glands is not known to many animal lovers unless there are any problems. Although the anatomy of the anal sac is the same in cats and dogs, it can be said that anal sac diseases, especially anal sac inflammation, are more common in dogs. The incidence of these diseases tends to be higher, especially in dogs with weight problems and small breeds.
Anal Sac Problems in Dogs and Cats
Scientific researches reveal that approximately 12% of dogs are affected by anal sac diseases. Although anal sac disease is less common in cats than in dogs, it can occur. It is not always easy to determine why some pets have anal sac problems and others do not. However, overweight is considered to be an important risk factor at this point. Similarly, anal gland problems tend to increase in pets with chronically soft stools. Some pets are thought to have very narrow ducts that allow the glands to empty, thus preventing the outflow of secretions from the anal sac.
Anal Scrub Care in Dogs
In order to prevent anal sac diseases such as anal sac inflammation in dogs, anal sac infection in dogs and anal sac fistulas in dogs, anal sac care in dogs should not be neglected. In this context, it is important to empty the pouches at regular intervals. Some dogs can automatically empty the liquid inside the sacs on their own. However, for some reason, the sacs are not self-emptying, the sacs are full and/or clogged, which can cause various problems. If the dogs are sitting on the anus and making sled movements on the ground, licking and even biting the anus areas frequently, if reddening and swelling has occurred in the area, if they have difficulty in toileting and a bad odor resembling fish odor is heard, anal sac cleaning and treatment should be done in dogs. While planning the treatment, the type of anal sac disease in dogs and the general health of the dog can be decisive. For this reason, veterinarians should be consulted first.
Anal Scalp Cleaning in Dogs
When the anal sac is cleaned regularly in dogs, it is possible to prevent health problems that will require treatment. Although it can vary from dog to dog, it is recommended to do this once a month. Cleaning the anal sac in dogs can be done as follows:
- Keep warm water, cotton and gloves with you during a time when the energy is thrown away.
- Put on the gloves and lift the tail up.
- Simultaneously squeeze the sacs located between 4 and 8 o’clock in the lower sides of the anus area using your thumb and forefinger. If you apply too much pressure, you can damage the sacs. You can then wipe off the released liquid.
Depending on the fullness of the anal sacs, secretions may gush during the squeezing action, you should be careful. If any secretion does not come out despite the measured pressure you apply, you should not force it and you should consult a veterinarian to perform this procedure.
Anal Scrub Care in Cats
As we mentioned before, the risk of anal sac disease in cats is less than in dogs, but it is not out of the question. For this reason, if you have a cat that has difficulty defecating, defecates smaller than usual and in pieces, has color changes around the anus, frequently licks the anus area, sits in the anus area and makes sled movements like in dogs, has blood in its stool, and has a very bad smell in its secretions, you should first consult with veterinarians. . If the anal sacs in cats do not empty spontaneously, the presence of a condition affecting the functions of these glands should be considered. Anal sac diseases in cats usually start with an inflammation that can lead to infection, and antibiotic therapy should be started in this process. In other words, it’s time to consult veterinarians!
Anal Scrub Cleaning in Cats
During anal sac cleaning in cats, the same steps can be followed as in dogs. Surgical gloves, warm water and cotton should be provided and the area should be accessed by lifting their tails after the cats have been sedated. Controlled pressure should be applied to the sacs and the resulting fluid should be wiped.
Fluid may not always come out after the pressure applied to the sacs. In this case, it is absolutely necessary not to force and consult veterinarians. Veterinarians can diagnose anal sac disease in cats after detailed examinations and initiate the most effective treatment with methods planned specifically for the cat.