What is Urinary Tract Infection in Dogs? Symptoms and Treatment Methods

Dog Health

Urinary tract infection in dogs is one of the painful and also potentially dangerous health problems. This health problem, which can occur with various symptoms such as blood in the urine, difficulty urinating, and frequent licking of the area, may be caused by more serious diseases such as kidney diseases or bladder cancer. For this reason, being informed about the symptoms of urinary tract infection in dogs is one of the most important requirements to consult veterinarians if any problem is detected or noticed. In our article, “What is urinary tract infection in dogs?”, “What are the symptoms of urinary tract infection in dogs?” and “how to treat urinary tract infection in dogs?” You can find answers to important questions such as:

What is Urinary Tract Infection?

Urinary system in dogs; includes the kidneys, the tubes connecting the kidneys to the bladder, the bladder, and the urethra. The healthy function of this system is very valuable in terms of fulfilling many important functions. Thanks to the urinary system, the wastes formed by the conversion of the consumed food into energy can be thrown out of the body, the water and electrolyte balance in the cells can be maintained, and the hormones called renin and erythropoietin, which are involved in the regulation of blood pressure, the production of blood cells and the correct absorption of salt, can be secreted. One of the most common problems in the urinary system is urinary tract infection. Urinary tract infection can be defined simply as an inflammatory condition in the urinary tract that occurs for different reasons. Urinary tract infections in dogs mostly occur in the lower urinary tract.

Urinary tract infections in dogs are usually caused by a bacterium. In rare cases, fungi or viruses can also trigger urinary tract infections. This disease is more common in female dogs, but male dogs can also experience urinary tract infections.

veterinarian treating dog

Urinary Tract Infection Symptoms in Dogs

Urinary tract infection signs and symptoms in dogs can vary in severity. Blood in the urine, whining when urinating, incontinence, increased urinary frequency, and licking around the urethra are the most common symptoms. These symptoms may be accompanied by symptoms such as fever, a strong odor in the urine, increased water consumption, vomiting, change in appetite, pain, weakness and weight loss. Some dogs may not show any of these symptoms, in which case the infection can be diagnosed by testing during routine veterinary visits.

If left untreated, urinary tract infections in dogs can lead to dysfunction in the lower urinary tract, kidney or bladder stones, inflammation of the prostate gland, infertility, blood poisoning, and even kidney infection and kidney failure. For this reason, it is useful to have more detailed information about some of its symptoms.

blood in urine

It is one of the most serious symptoms of urinary tract infections. When blood is noticed in the urine of dogs, veterinarians should be contacted as soon as possible. Blood in the urine may also not occur only because of a urinary tract infection. Poisoning, kidney diseases, trauma, urinary tract stones and cancer can also cause this symptom; further investigations are required.

Difficulty Urinating

Difficulty urinating or inability to urinate in dogs requires immediate attention. This symptom can cause a rupture in the bladder and should be treated promptly. Difficulty urinating can also occur due to obstructions in the urinary tract, wounds, spinal cord injuries, trauma, cancer or prostate diseases.

Change in Urine Habits

Dogs urinating more frequently, with difficulty or being incontinent can indicate behavioral problems or serious health problems. Changes in urinary habits, which are among the symptoms of urinary tract infection in dogs, can also be caused by different conditions such as Cushing’s disease, hypothyroidism, diabetes, cancer and trauma.

female doctor treating dog

Causes of Urinary Tract Infection in Dogs

Urinary tract infections in dogs are generally caused by bacteria. Bacteria that have managed to enter the urinary tract can cause infection due to the weak immune system. Sometimes viruses and fungi can also be the causes of this health problem. Urinary tract infection can rarely be seen as a symptom of more serious health problems. Cancer, bladder diseases, kidney diseases and kidney stones, diabetes and spinal cord anomalies may also be among the dangerous causes.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Urinary Tract Infection in Dogs

Detailed examinations by veterinarians and additional tests are required in the diagnosis of urinary tract problems. The veterinarian will look at the kidneys and bladder during the exam. At the same time, it may be necessary to perform a urinalysis and, in some cases, to use imaging methods such as ultrasound in line with the results. All these controls are important in order to find the urinary tract infection and the underlying cause of this infection. After all, although urinary tract infections in dogs are usually caused by the E. coli bacteria, other organisms can also cause the disease. During the laboratory tests, the organism causing inflammation in the urinary tract can be determined and the most accurate planning can be done during the treatment process.

Treatment of urinary tract infection in dogs is determined by the cause. After the analyzes and detailed examinations, when the cause is found, antibiotic treatment is started for bacterial infections. Unless otherwise stated by the veterinarian, antibiotic use should be continued correctly. During the treatment process, it should be ensured that the dogs drink plenty of water. After the treatment process, veterinary clinics should be visited again and tests should be done to see whether the infection is cleared or not.

In summary, it is important to tailor the treatment of urinary tract infections in dogs to the cause. Urinary tract infection medications in dogs should not be given to dogs without consulting a veterinarian. No action should be taken without consulting veterinarians about herbal treatment processes for urinary tract infection in dogs.

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