Eczema Symptoms and Natural Treatment Methods in Dogs

Dog Health

Eczema in dogs is a very common health problem that can occur in wet and dry types, and can cause different symptoms depending on the type. Canine eczema, which can cause intense itching, can cause our friends to persistently lick, bite and scratch the parts of the body where the lesions appear, resulting in worsening of symptoms. Symptoms of eczema in dogs can be seen throughout the body, but may occur more often on the legs, back, between the legs, tail and scrotum. You can find answers to the most frequently asked questions about this progressive and chronic disease in our article.

What Is Eczema in Dogs?

Eczema is the inflammation of the epidermis, the top layer of the skin, for different reasons. When the dog has eczema, it starts to lick the inflamed area or areas on its body persistently. He tries to relieve the intense itching by licking, scratching with his nails or biting. The severity of the complaints felt can lead to excessiveness in these behaviors, and as a result of this excess, the skin can become infected. Eczema in dogs cannot be treated definitively, but it is known that the complaints it causes can be controlled. For this reason, if eczema symptoms are seen in dogs, it is necessary to consult veterinarians without wasting time. Thus, the first step is taken to be healthier physically and psychologically.

doctor checking dog's skin

What Are the Symptoms of Eczema in Dogs?

This skin problem can occur in two different types as moist/wet eczema and dry eczema in dogs. Symptoms may vary in line with eczema types.

Wet eczema symptoms in dogs are characterized by constant itching, chewing lesions, licking, and regional shedding of hair. However, the most distinguishing feature is that the lesions are red, moist, runny and smelly. Wet eczema symptoms are easier to notice than dry eczema.

Dry eczema symptoms in dogs are characterized by skin peeling, rash, and flaking. This problem, which can cause extreme itching and pain in dogs over time, may not be noticed in the early period due to the furry nature of our friends. For this reason, it is important that they are regularly scanned and skin checks are made during this time.

Regardless of the distinction between wet and dry eczema, the symptoms of canine eczema can be listed as follows:

  • severe itching
  • Skin licking, scratching and chewing
  • skin rash
  • Rubbing against furniture or other items in the house
  • Physical signs of pain
  • Loss of appetite, weight loss
  • Aggressiveness, disruption of sleep patterns
  • Hot, runny lesions on the skin
  • Skin crusting and flaking
  • Color change in the skin
  • thickening of the skin
  • Secondary infections due to behaviors exhibited to relieve itching

Causes of Eczema in Dogs

The causes of eczema, which can occur acutely and become chronic if treatment processes are not started, can cause damage to both the physical and psychological health of our friends can be listed as follows:

  • Very hot or very cold climates
  • parasite bites
  • frequent washing
  • Exposure to allergens such as cleaning supplies and pollen
  • Hormone disorders
  • Breed-specific genetic factors
  • Stress
  • Vitamin deficiency
  • viral, bacterial and fungal infections and
  • Nutritional Problems

Since there is a close relationship between eczema and nutrition in dogs, we would like to discuss this topic separately.

Nutrition and Dog Eczema

Although there are many different causes of eczema, it is known that the incidence of food-borne eczema is high. A balanced diet in dogs is of great importance for the smooth progress of their development, the protection of their physical health and the prevention of possible diseases. Especially in dog breeds that are genetically prone to allergies, a healthy and balanced diet emerges as a great necessity. You can access our dog food category by clicking here, and you can choose the right product for your dog’s developmental period and specific needs.

Unfortunately, various mistakes can be made in dog nutrition. Dogs can be given raw meat, raw bones, excessively fatty foods, table waste, wheat, soy, dairy products, high protein chicken meat, chicken liver, eggs and beef. Dry foods, which contain protective additives and are not specially formulated for the breeds and developmental periods of our friends, can also threaten the skin health of dogs, as well as the general health of dogs. As a matter of fact, it is known that one of the main reasons for the frequent occurrence of skin diseases in our friends living on the street is that they are fed with home-cooked meals that are not biologically suitable for them. Home meals given to our friends can trigger the formation of skin diseases, especially in summer, as they cannot be tolerated.

doctor checking dog's skin under light

How Is Eczema In Dogs Treated? How Is It Treated?

When eczema symptoms are noticed in dogs, they should be examined by a veterinarian. Eczema in dogs should not be treated at home without consulting veterinarians. If the main factor causing this problem is not determined, the treatment processes cannot result in success.

Depending on the factors that cause eczema symptoms in dogs, treatment modalities may vary. However, the priority should be to prevent itching, biting and licking of the lesions on the skin. For this, it may be necessary to use a collar in order to keep the area clean until the symptoms such as itching and pain subside, so that the applied drugs are not licked and infection formation is not triggered.

Within the scope of eczema treatment, after the factors causing symptoms are determined, parasitic drugs can be applied, food changes can be made, supplements can be used to eliminate vitamin deficiencies, the frequency of washing can be reduced or the treatment of infections can be started. Thus, complaints caused by eczema can also be eliminated.

In this process, veterinarians can prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs, prescribe antibiotics to reduce skin irritation and support the healing process, and at the same time try to reduce allergy-related distress with anti-histamines. It is important that the drugs are given at the recommended dose and frequency.

It is possible to come across many different statements about natural treatment options for eczema in dogs. Although some natural cures are effective in relieving symptoms, it should be remembered that it is necessary to consult with veterinarians first before applying natural methods.

What Is Good For Eczema In Dogs?

Relaxing ointments and pomades recommended by veterinarians can be applied to our friends whose life comfort has decreased due to eczema. When itching becomes severe, ointments containing cortisone will be effective in relieving symptoms. Switching to hypoallergenic foods for sensitive dogs, ensuring the hygiene of the lesions and keeping them dry, and washing them frequently with anti-bacterial dog shampoos, if approved by veterinarians, can help control their complaints.

Eczema Sensitive Dog Breeds

Eczema is common in dogs living on the street. However, it cannot be generalized that this skin problem is only seen in stray dogs. Dermatitis occurs more frequently in breeds such as German Shepherd, Golden Retriever, French Bulldog, Boxer, Saint Bernard and Shar-Pei with more skin folds.

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