If you have adopted a dog, it means that you are ready to live with it and take on certain responsibilities. After this decision, which will transform your preferences as well as your life, you should look for the healthiest food in line with its developmental stage, meet its exercise and socialization needs, and perform all maintenance processes in order to maintain its health. There’s also neutering, of course, you have to make a decision about neutering processes for both male and female dogs. Castration or sterilization is a process that needs to be thought through and can have many benefits. In this article, you can find the most frequently asked questions about neutering in dogs.
What is Neutering in Dogs? How Is Neutering Surgery Performed in Dogs?
Neutering dogs is one of the most important measures to reduce the stray dog population and to reduce the potential dangers to the health of our friends. What is performed within the scope of sterilization surgery differs according to gender. Neutering male dogs is called “castration” and the testicles are removed during the operation. Spaying the female dog is called “sterilization” and the uterus and ovaries are removed from the body during the operation. In other words, the reproductive functions of dogs are eliminated. The surgery is performed under general anesthesia, so there are many different issues to be considered before and after.
When Should Dogs Be Neutered?
We can state that there are different opinions about the age of neutering in dogs and that these views have also changed in terms of male and female dogs.
The recommended times for neutering male and female dogs are different. Although dogs can be spayed safely from 2 months of age, they are usually expected to be 4-6 months old. However, it is possible to talk about various variables related to this period. Racial differences have an impact on age at spaying in dogs. Scientific studies show that large breed dogs mature later than small breeds and therefore need to wait longer for neutering. Likewise, living conditions are thought to have an effect on the correct timing.
Many veterinarians state that the period before the first heat is appropriate for neutering female dogs. This corresponds to a period of 5-10 months. Performing the procedure before the first estrus greatly reduces the risk of breast cancer in females.
There is a direct correlation between spaying time and size in male dogs. Small and medium breeds are considered suitable for operation when they are 6 months old, and large breeds are about 1 year old. Veterinarians will give the most accurate information about the age of surgery in dogs by evaluating the variables specific to the dog.
Things to Consider Before Neutering Surgery in Dogs
With neutering, the breeding of dogs is physiologically inhibited. Testes are removed in males and testosterone hormone secretion is prevented, in female dogs, the formation of pregnancy is physically prevented by neutering and removing the ovaries and uterus. This procedure is of a surgical nature and since dogs need to be anesthetized, there are factors that should be considered before neutering dogs.
Before neutering, veterinarians initiate detailed control processes to ensure operational safety and to obtain precise information about the general health status of dogs. Blood tests are performed to determine whether there is any risk related to anesthesia. The operation decision is made after detailed examinations.
Things to consider before neutering dogs can be listed as follows:
- All vaccinations must be completed before the operation.
- It should be ensured that the parasite vaccines are made completely 2 weeks before the operation.
- They should not consume food or drink for 8 hours before the operation.
- Fluid intake should be stopped 6 hours before the operation.
- Before the sterilization surgery, it is necessary to meet the toilet needs.
After Neutering in Dogs
Neutering dogs is considered a fairly simple operation. After the operation, veterinarians will convey all the details about what needs to be considered.
After Neutering Female and Male Dogs
- Your friend will probably come home the same day.
- A space should be created where he can relax and rest.
- For feeding, the anesthetic effect should be waited for.
- The operation area and incisions should be checked daily. If there is redness, discharge or a bad smell, veterinary support should be sought against the risk of infection.
- Licking of the operation area should be prevented. For this, the use of a collar is important.
- After sterilization, bathing should be postponed for at least 10 days. Veterinarians should be consulted when deciding on bathing time.
- Nausea and refusal to eat may occur for the first day or two. There is no need to worry and force it.
- Swelling may occur in the scrotum of men within a few weeks after the operation, and an appearance may occur as if the testicles were not removed. If the surgical site is licked, swelling will increase.
- Excessive movement should be prevented for a week or two. The day after the operation, your friend may try to play games with you, but if you are not careful, the stitches may open.
- It is important to consult veterinarians if there is discharge from the wound or if symptoms of extreme pain are experienced.
- After sterilization surgery in male dogs, sedation can be observed due to the cessation of testosterone production. Usually there is no drastic change in their character, but it is important to remember that some of them may undergo more changes.
- Neutering Prices for Dogs
Fees may vary depending on the city where the veterinary clinics are located, the district, the materials used during the operation, and the fee policy of the veterinary clinic. In general, it can be stated that the cost of this surgery is between 1000 – 1500 TL for females and 600 – 1000 TL for males. At this point, it is also known that there are some municipalities that do free dog neutering surgery. This service is provided for our friends who adopt from the shelters of the municipality. Since the application may vary on a municipality basis, precise information can be obtained from the authorities of the institutions providing services in the region.
Does a Neutered Dog Get Menstrual?
Under normal conditions, female dogs who have undergone neutering should not have periods. During sterilization surgery, the uterus and ovaries are removed to prevent females from getting pregnant. Menstrual formation can be observed when the ovaries are not removed during the surgery or all the eggs are not removed from the body. In such a case, the remaining ovarian tissue continues to produce hormones and females may enter heat.
Does a Neutered Dog mate?
In females, it is necessary to enter the heat period for mating. However, since reproductive hormones are taken during the surgery that will enable them to enter the heat period, their hormones do not reach the appropriate level for mating. In other words, it is not very possible for female dogs to mate after they have been neutered. Mating can occur in male dogs. Testosterone is also secreted from the adrenal glands. Although it is not as intense as before, it is known that mating action may occur in some males from time to time. Moreover, these requests can be quite strong in the postoperative period. It should be kept in mind that there is a possibility of impregnating females in the early period, since the complete elimination of hormones from the body will not occur immediately.